Lycia was a south western part of the former Hittite region. The country was originally called Milyas and the tribes of Solymae and Termilae were its inhabitants who were subjugated by the invading Lycians. The Lycians were most likely in origin Anatolians since they spoke their own Indo-European language closely related to the Lwian and Hittite we know....although according to Herodotus, the Lycians came from Crete and were the followers of Sarpedon. The latest known Lycian inscription was written in the fourth quarter of the fourth century when the Persian Empire collapsed in the 330's, the Lycians were conquered by Alexander the Great, who marched through the country in the winter of 334/330 BC. After Alexander's death in 323 BC the country was successively ruled by his general Antigonus, by Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt, by a brother of Cassader and by the son of Ptolemy, Ptolemy II Philadelphus who established his power in 275 BC. The Ptolemaeans ruled over Lycia for almost a century but in 197 BC, during the 5th Syrian War, the Selevad King, Antiochus III the Great took power. However, he later lost the Syrian War against the Romans and in 188 BC, the Senate gave Lycia to its ally Rhodes. The Lycians hated their new master and united in the Lycian League. The Romans soon reverted their decision and granted Lycia its independence in 168 BC. The Lycians may have had one unusual custom that the Greeks found very unfamiliar. Herodotus noted: "They have customs that resemble no one else's. They use their mother's name instead of their father's..if a citizen woman should cohabit with a slave, the children are considered of free birth; but if a citizen man, even the formost of them has a foreign wife or mistress, the children are without honour". The Lycians were a proud nation and would choose mass suicide by fire over surrending. Herodotus of Halicarnasus reported: " The Persian Army entered the plain of Xanthos under the command of Harpagos and did battle with the Xanthians. The Xanthians fought with small numbers against the superior Persians forces, with legendary bravery. They resisted the endless Persian forces with great courage, but were finally beaten. They gathered their womenfolk, children, slaves and treasures into the fortress. This was then set on fire from below and around the walls, until destroyed by conflagration. Then the warriors of Xanthos made their final attack on the Persians, their voices raised in call of war, until every last man from Xanthos was killed." We do not have much of a record of physical descriptions, but one interesting aspect of the Lycians may have been their hair styles, at least in early times. Polyaenus notes that a man named Charimenes managed to escape across Lycia by putting on false hair. Deconomica tells a story of Mausolos' hyparch taxing the hair lengh of the Lycians. In 480 BC Herodotus gives us the description of the Lycian crew: " They wore greaves and corslets, they carried bows of cornel wood, cane arrows without feathers and javelins. They had goatskin slung round their shoulders and hats stuck round with feathers. They also carried daggers."